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History of Novgorod
Novgorod - one of the most ancient cities of Russia located in its North-West,near the site where the Volkhov river takes its waters from Lake Ilmen, emerged as a political center of Slavic and Fino-Ugric tribes in the mid-9th century, while as a town it was formed in the middle of the 10th century.
Bishops Chair of Novgorod
most powerful in the
The adoption of Christianity at the close of the tenth century turned Novgorod into a powerful ecclesiastical center.
The efforts of Novgorod Bishops in spreading and promoting the Orthodoxy were given high credit in
the mid-12th century when they were elevated to the ranks of Archbishops which made the Throughout many centuries, Novgorod was a political center of vast territories stretching up from
Baltic lands and Finland in the West to northern Urals in the East. It was also one of the greatest
international trade centers on theBaltic-Volga commercial route that tied northern Europe with Asia
as early as in the mid - 8th century.
Novgorod was one of Russia's major centers of literacy and book production. As far back as in the 30-s of the 11th century,
by the will of the great Prince Yaroslav The Wise, Novgorod saw the first school to train three hundred children at a time.